Learn the history of Koto-ku — Edo version
Museum and Shinto shrine, cultural assets conveying state of Edo in now are left in Koto City. You wait, and please enjoy walk while reading history.
List of sightseeing theme spots
From the first floor under the ground to the second floor above the ground blow, and, in space, reproduce cityscape of the Edo era (assume the Tenpo era year) and life of general public. This shows details of the two row houses, a fruit and vegetable store, a rice-polishing store, a fire watchtower, a canal on which a long, thin small boat floats, and all of the daily household amenities. Furthermore, we gather state of one-day living of Fukagawa for around 15 minutes and direct in sound and lighting.
In order to convey the history of Koto, this city of attractive waters, an archive has been established at a location near Nakagawa Bansho, which was a checkpoint located on the estuary of the Nakagawa River. Through dioramas and the like, this archive recreates Nakagawa Bansho, and exhibits material through which it is possible to better understand water-borne transportation in Edo and the Kanto area, as well as the history and culture of Koto City.
It is famous for the Fukagawa Hachiman Matsuri, one of the three major Edo festivals. At the main festival, held once every three years, Mikoshi Rengo Togyo is conducted in which approximately 50 portable shrines are carried through the town. This sight also called "Mizukake Matsuri," (which means "festival of throwing water") as water is splashed vigorously over the carriers of the shrines. The Tatsumi Geisha Tekomai (portable shrine leading dance) and refined head constructors cheering and carrying heavy wood structures conjures up the atmosphere of the Edo period. Tomioka Hachimangu Shrine is the origin of Sumo wrestling held as a charity for temples or shrines. It has been closely associated with Sumo. The Yokozuna Rikishi monument and Ozeki Rikishi monument stand on the precincts.
The former residence of the Oishi family is the oldest private house built in the Edo era that still exists in the city. The building overcame a succession of disasters, such as a major earthquake in 1855 (the 2nd year of the Ansei era), and is a valuable private house whose appearance remains the same today as when it was built. In order both to protect and to impart that cultural and historical value, the house was certified as a tangible cultural property (building) in 1994 (the 6th year of the Heisei era), and following a survey into the feasibility of its being dismantled, was moved to its present location and reconstructed in 1996.
Kameidoten Shrine, where Michizane Sugawara is enshrined, is well-known as the downtown Tenjin-sama and is popular among many people. In addition, beauty of plum and wisteria is described in "famous place Edo 100 view" of Hiroshige, and it is famous for flower of wisteria even now, and it is in one of "new Tokyo 100 view".
Hachiroemon Fukagawa and his dependents came from Settsu province (now part of Osaka Prefecture) during the Keicho era (1596–1615), and undertook to develop land around here for rice cultivation. This newly developed locale was consequently named Fukagawa Village after Hachiroemon’s surname, thereby giving rise to the Fukagawa area name that is still in use today. It is unclear when Fukagawa Shinmeigu Shrine was established, but it is said that Hachiroemon Fukagawa deified three written poems—originally written by Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado and called ‘Daijinguu’—in a small shrine which had existed since before his arrival. This is how the god of that small shrine came to protect the village. Deified in a corner of the shrine grounds is Jurou, who is one of the Fukagawa Shichifukujin (Fukagawa Seven Gods of Good Fortune) and said to bestow longevity.
This shrine is famous for its cogon grass ring, which is said to be the largest in the Kanto area and makes its appearance in the grounds of the shrine at the end of June every year. It is also famous for the Kogaizuka, which relates to the legend of Empress Ototachibana, and Kameido no Fujizuka, a monument in the image of Mt. Fuji that was constructed on the burial mound said to contain Empress Ototachibana’s hairpin. On the Kogaizuka memorial stone is the story of how a hairpin washed ashore after Empress Ototachibana, wife of Yamato Takeru no Mikoto, 12th Emperor of Japan, threw herself into a stormy sea to calm the waves. The main building of the shrine was destroyed in a major earthquake in 1855 (the 2nd year of the Ansei era), but in 1878 (the 11th year of the Meiji era), volcanic rock was transported from Mt. Fuji to construct the Fuji burial mound, and the main building was re-built on top of this.
Hanei-Inari Shrine was founded in 1757 (the 7th year of the Horeki era), when a share of a deity from Fushimi-Inari Shrine in Kyoto was brought to the secondary residence of Shimomura Hikoemon, founder of the Daimaru chain of department stores. The shrine was moved to the Aoyama residence of Nezuka Ichirou (now the Nezuka Museum) in 1911 (the 44th year of the Meiji era), and enshrined as Yoshie-inari. However, in 1961 (the 36th year of the Showa era), it was dismantled and then rebuilt near its original location.
Jizobou Shogen that lived in Edo Fukagawa learned Rokujizo of Kyoto and erected Rokujizo of Edo in six courses to tie Edo to. Shogen became seriously ill at the age of 24. But it is said that his parents prayed to Jizobosatsu, and he recovered, so he decided to build Jizobosatsu. The Jizo of Reiganji Temple is the 5th Jizo.
This shrine is thought to have been established at the end of the Nara era, and the local Shinto deity enshrined there is believed to protect the birthplaces of people from the area. Towards the end of the Edo era it was renowned as a famous place in the suburbs of Edo, and of particular interest is the fact that rows of cherry trees along Omotesando in this location are depicted in Utagawa Hiroshige’s ‘One Hundred Famous Views of Edo’. The Fuji burial mound in the grounds of the shrine is a designated cultural property of Koto City.